Wednesday, February 5, 2020

Prevention of Terrorism and Business Continuity Essay

Prevention of Terrorism and Business Continuity - Essay Example The events availed a remarkable case of a widening interdependence of both the private and public sectors in confronting the present-day security challenges. Since the 9/11, the fight against terrorism has been a top political priority for both the government and businesses alike. Governments have a responsibility to prevent and disrupt terrorist attacks, which hinges on coordinated and collaborative relationships between the intelligence, security, and law enforcement agencies. The key motivation has not only been because of the suffering of the victims, but also because terrorist attacks are a direct assault on elemental values of human rights, rules of law, and democracy (Frias, Samuel and White 2012, 483). Terrorism bears a direct impact on the enjoyment of several human rights such as rights to life, liberty, and physical integrity. Terrorist attacks significantly destabilize governments; they also compromise peace and security, as well as social and economic development. One of the prominent themes in the human rights debate encompasses enhanced recognition of the link between business and human rights. The application of the law in relation to the prevention of terrorism often proves to be complex, especially regarding recognition of human rights as outlined by instruments such as European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) and UN Charter on human rights. Businesses can wield immense power and bear a direct impact on governmental policies and enjoyment of human rights. Businesses bear an obligation to contribute to the promotion and safeguarding of human rights (Ganor 2005, p.149). The preface of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights outlines that all persons and every organ of the society shall endeavor to promote respect for human rights and basic freedoms (Zwitter 2011, p.20).

Tuesday, January 28, 2020

Religious Beliefs in Jane Eyre

Religious Beliefs in Jane Eyre Through Jane Eyre, Charlotte Bronte expresses numerous issues of the Victorian Era. Class and gender inequality, race prejudices, colonialism, and religious beliefs are all but few of the problems addressed. Throughout the novel, Jane struggles with her dilemmas, namely the choice between moral duty and earthly pleasures, and the obligation to her spirit and attention to her body. Despite Jane’s simple life, Bronte often presents Jane various characters that offer contrasting religious beliefs, and in so doing, Bronte shows her disapproval of the Evangelical Movement. Perhaps no character in the novel other than Mr. Brocklehurst best demonstrates the danger and sanctimony of this nineteenth-century church movement. Superficially, he is a devoted Christian who adopts the rhetoric of Evangelicalism by preaching puritanical morality to his students. A brief address on those occasions would not be mistimed, wherein a judicious instructor would take the opportunity of referring to the sufferings of the primitive Christians; to the torments of martyrs; to the exhortations of our blessed Lord himself, calling upon His disciples to take up their cross and follow Him; to His warnings that man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God; to his divine consolations, ‘if ye suffers hunger or thirst for my sake, happy are ye.’ Oh, madam, when you put bread and cheese, instead of burnt porridge, into these children’s mouths, you may indeed feed their vile bodies, but you little think how you starve their immortal souls!†(63; ch.7) Clearly, he is reciting an Evangelical idea—the corruption of the human body and the need of Christ to save them—that is popular during this time. Mr. Brocklehurst takes this idea to the extreme by emphasizing the enrichment of the soul by starving the body. This path of reaching salvation may be acceptable at the time. However, his method of subjecting his student to follow such principles is evidently intolerable and un-Christian-like. The cutting of Julia Severn’s naturally curly hair and the poor nutrition he provides for Lowood’s students are example of such extreme cruel methods. He furthers contradicts his beliefs by supporting his own luxuriously wealthy family at the expense of the Lowood students. By displaying Mr. Brocklehurst hypocrisy, Bronte shows her concerns for the new movement. Not only does Bronte condemn Brocklehurst’s religious doctrine, but she also undermines Helen Burn’s absolute and self-abnegating beliefs. The Christ-like Helen adopts a forbearing mode of Christianity that is too passive for the headstrong Jane to comprehend and to accept. When Helen comforts Jane, Hush, Jane! You think too much of the love of human beings; you are too impulsive, too vehement: the sovereign hand that created your frame, and put life into it, has provided you with other resources than your feeble self, or than creatures feeble as you. Besides this earth, and besides the race of men, there is an invisible world and a kingdom of spirits; that world is round us, for it is everywhere; and those spirits watch us, for they are commissioned to guard us; and if we were dying in pain and shame, if scorn smote us on all sides and hatred crushed us, angels see our tortures, recognise our innocence . . . Why, then, should we ever sink overwhelmed with distress, when life is soon over, and death is so certain an entrance to happiness — to glory? (70; ch.8) Jane feels an â€Å"inexpressible sadness† from those words. Helen consoles Jane by offering the idea that death is the ultimate â€Å"entrance to happiness.† However, Jane is more concern about the life on Earth rather than the life after. She cannot accept Helen’s submissive attitudes toward injustice and the belief that justice will be found in God’s ultimate judgment—reward the good and punish the evil. Jane is overwhelmed by Helen’s blind faith; she thirsts for love and happiness in this world rather than the eternal life that Helen seeks. Thus, at Helen’s deathbed, Jane continuously questions about Helen’s depravity and her deep affinity with God. â€Å"By dying young, I shall escape great sufferings. I had not qualities or talents to make my way very well in the world: I should have been continually at fault.† â€Å"But where are you going to, Helen? Can you see? Do you know?† â€Å"I believe; I have faith: I am going to God.† â€Å"Where is God? What is God?† â€Å"My Maker and yours, who will never destroy what he created. I rely implicitly on his power, and confide wholly in his goodness: I count the hours till that eventful one arrives which shall restore me to him, reveal him to me.† â€Å"You are sure, then Helen, that there is such a place as heaven; and that our souls can get to it when die?† (83; ch.9) Even with Helen’s reassurance that there is really heaven, Jane still questions her self with the thoughts: â€Å"Where is that region? Does it exist?†(83; ch.9) These questions may not affect Helen’s faith at any rate, but her death ultimately make Bronte’s point clear—one cannot relies on faith for survival but can depend on it for guidance. Although St. John Rivers shares many Christian beliefs with Helen Burns, he presents another spectrum of the religious movement that Bronte dissuades. It is clear that St. John is a religious zealot who devotes â€Å"a large portion of his time†¦visiting the sick and poor among the scattered population of his parish.† (357; ch.30) However, his devotion to God does not make him a saint. â€Å"Zealous in his ministerial labours, blameless in his life and habits, he yet did not appear to enjoy that mental serenity, that inward content, which should be the reward of every sincere Christian and practical philanthropist.† (357; ch.30) Bronte makes this point clear when Jane observes at one of his sermons. â€Å"Throughout there was a strange bitterness; an absence of consolatory gentleness; stern allusions†¦I was sure St. John Rivers—pure-lived, conscientious, zealous as he was—had not yet found that peace of God which passeth all understanding: he had no more found it, I thought, than had I†¦Ã¢â‚¬ (358; ch.30) Bronte not only questions St. John’s saintliness but also doubts his devotion to Christianity. As a clergyman, he should enjoy his job and love his enemies, rather he â€Å"did not appear to enjoy† his works and ignores Jane, avoids her, and treats her differently after she rejected his proposal. He like Mr. Brocklehurst preaches to serve but does not always practice this himself. He believes the words that he speaks are those of Go speaking through him: â€Å"Do you think God will be satisfied with half an oblation? Will he accept a mutilated sacrifice? It is the cause of God I advocate: it is under His standard I enlist you. I cannon accept on His behalf a divided allegiance: it must be entire.†(413; ch.34) He believes that he knows what God thinks and wants others to do. The arrogance nature of his, together with his cold, dispassionate attitude toward serving God deviates St. John from a true Christian. Unlike Helen Burns, he is a defective mortal. By revealing St. John’s flaws, Bronte shows that doing God’s work on Earth does not mean complete Christian piety. Jane ultimately finds a comfortable religious middle-ground that is not oppressive like Mr. Brocklehurst’s, that is not submissive like Helen Burn’s, and that is not dispassionate like St. John’s. For Jane or rather for Bronte, religion not only helps them find eternal happiness in heaven, but also help them find the essential needs of human life—love.

Monday, January 20, 2020

English Term paper -- essays research papers

1984 is a novel of great influence. The novel illustrates many concepts of life in the future through the knowledge of the past. The descriptive theories within the novel are familiar in basic context when we look into the society of today. The author George Orwell has projected an image of the future through the knowledge of his lifetime, which is not far off reality. The novel talks about the social movement to a world of unbearable proportions, which takes the idea of security to the limit. A feeling of helplessness is bestowed upon the people as the government scrutinizes their every move. The government has created a society of fear, and people automatically fall into line for they cannot escape the eyes of Big Brother who is watching them. Many of the major concepts outlined in detail in the novel are applicable to life in the twenty-first century. The author has defined concepts for several areas, which he perceived the world would progress towards. Orwell’s prophecies as illustrated in the novel 1984 are fulfilled in today’s society. One of the major prophecies that Orwell outlines in his novel is the idea of the telescreen which can watch anyone at any time this is a reality in today’s society. One of the major connections that Orwell makes about the telescreen of 1984 and today’s society is that you could spy on people. The telescreen might be the most closely compared to microphones and cameras, but there are also many other devices that can be easily used for spying. Within the area of the telescreen anyone could be watched as well as heard, which closely links to the surveillance of today, except people are a little more naive. â€Å"Any sound that Winston made, above the level of a very low whisper, would be picked up by it; moreover, so as long as he remained within the field of vision which the metal plaque commanded, he could be seen as well as heard. There was of course no way of knowing whether you were being watched at any given moment.†(Orwell, 6) The notion that â€Å"Big broth er is watching you† from the novel is not that far off. In fact cameras are being installed all over the place for security reasons, but you do not know who is watching you and what kind of personal information you are giving away. â€Å"No matter how far our contemporary world may seem to 1984’s Oceania, any suggestion of government surveillance of its citizens--from the thre... ...clearly outlines several theories of his within the novel, which have come true in modern day. George Orwell’s first prophecy is about a piece of technology, which we can quite easily relate to modern day because it is quite like a television or a communication device such as a camera or microphone. This was important since it was one of the main ideas of his novel, relating to spying, and it has become quite prominent within our society as well as in the novel. Next the author outlines the type of government, which is quite overpowering, which again in co-ordinance with the telescreen presents one of the main ideas in the plot of the novel and is quite emphasized. The type of governance described is in effect in some countries around the world today. Finally the author has described in detail the use of a new language that has become useful for brainwashing, and government propaganda. This language can be related to today as we have created a new language of our own for s pecial purposes and there are places that deal with a double languages, just as in the novel. The concepts that this novel introduces are so realistic that it has influenced many around the world for many years.

Sunday, January 12, 2020

Case Assignment Essay

a. How did data analysis enable agility/flexibility? Conducting analysis provided SEJ with the opportunity to strategize locations of stores and deliveries of the right products at the right times. b. How did data analysis reduce leftover goods that were perishable? Through the identification of product type, time and frequency, SEJ was able to reduce leftover goods that were perishable. Also, considering weather, local area events, and holidays they were able to adjust their ordering. c. How did electronic data acquisition reduce ordering/delivery lead times? The orders were instantly sent and received by the vendor so the turn-around time was reduced. Trending these orders also allowed the vendors to be prepared with the items. d. What statistics did Seven-Eleven find that determined the success of a new store? They used several data points including, demographics for age, population, income etc. They considered local foot traffic, nearby schools, buildings and subways. They also balanced it with impacts of other local stores. e. How did Seven-Eleven share data electronically with its supply chain partners? They used their handheld terminals in each store to order directly through to the vendors. This data was also captured for analysis and transportation. 3. If you were to design an analogous information and data analysis system for DCMA to oversee contractors and subcontractors: a. What would the goals of that system be? For me trending issues with sub-tier suppliers should be addressed. Currently we are very poor at sharing information within our offices and across the organization. A large scale supply chain mapping, rating and tracking system with feedback from all employees would help in being predictive about potential delivery and quality issues. b. What data would you want to collect and how would you want to â€Å"data mine† it, or analyze the data to improve the performance of the contractor network and become aware of problems earlier? I would include both subjective and objective observations. Tracking delayed deliveries, their reasoning, CARs, Supplier CARs and supplier ratings or actions against their sub-tier would be the first step. I would also include subjective analysis by supply chain specialist to identify other areas of potential concern that may not have developed to the point of SCARs or delays.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

The Death Penalty Is Not A New Practice Essay - 1740 Words

Introduction For every unlawful deed, there is a consequence; and under the law of the state of Florida, death is an option for those who commit capital punishment crimes. In fact, Florida was the first state to reinstate the death penalty after the Supreme Court case Furman v. Georgia, and consequently, it was the first state to perform an actual execution after the court case settled. Though many citizens and politicians consider the state of Florida harsher than most states concerning the death sentence, it still falls short in one respect: gender bias. Literature Review Issuance of the death penalty is not a new practice in the United States, especially not in Florida. The death penalty has been a well-established, though highly controversial, practice in the United States for almost 400 years. The first execution of a criminal in the American colonies occurred in Virginia in 1622. During most of the 20th century, the vast majority of states in the country permitted execution of convicted criminals. The practice dates back to early English common law, where virtually any person convicted of a felony offence faced a mandatory death sentence, but the practice has always been much more widespread in the US than in the United Kingdom, which abandoned capital punishment in 1973. For much of US history, capital punishment was extended beyond the crime of murder to include, among other offences, arson, burglary, armed robbery, rape, kidnapping, and possession of certainShow MoreRelatedThe Death Penalty Is Not A New Practice Essay1741 W ords   |  7 Pagesconsequence; and under the law of the state of Florida, death is an option for those who commit capital punishment crimes. In fact, Florida was the first state to reinstate the death penalty after the Supreme Court case Furman v. Georgia, and consequently, it was the first state to perform an actual execution after the court case settled. Though many citizens and politicians consider the state of Florida harsher than most states concerning the death sentence, it still falls short in one respect: genderRead MoreCapital Punishment : An Effective Tool1493 Words   |  6 Pagessince the time the practice of the death penalty was implemented into the legal system. With the number of historical occurrences, it was widely acknowledged that the administration of capital punishment remains to be an imperfect embodiment of governmental power. Many studies in the context of criminological analysis have provided statistics, although inconclusive, regarding capital punish ment as an effective tool in terms of deterrence. It was generally assumed that the death penalty is likely to deterRead MoreDeath Penalty Essay1355 Words   |  6 Pages History: Death Penalty according to is the execution of an offender sentenced to death after conviction by a court of law of a criminal offense. Death penalty is different from extrajudicial executions because death penalty is carried out with the due process of law but extrajudicial killing is not and death penalty is only prescribed by the judgement of a judge in court after a case trial.The death penalty can be traced back to the biblical times because Jesus Christ was sentencedRead MoreCapital Punishment : The Death Penalty1644 Words   |  7 Pages Death Penalty in America Death penalty, which is often described as capital punishment, is pronounced on offenders who have committed extremely heinous crimes. It is an ancient practice but in the United States it has faced several controversies in the latter half of the twentieth century (Robertson, 14). Does the death penalty serve any purpose in our current judicial system? Criminal executions were first implemented in our society as a crime deterrent to ensure that the offenders cannot engageRead MoreThe Death Penalty : An Effective Reliable Tool904 Words   |  4 Pagesthe death penalty has been a frequent topic of discussion, as our recent technological advancements have evidently led individuals to consider the â€Å"new found† legitimacy of our court systems, as statistics display that our previous racial bias and the apparent morality of the practice itself have a miniscule impact on our conviction rate. Both the advancements and ethics that the death penalty provides become apparent through the utilization of anecdotes and statistics, as the death penalty has prevailedRead MoreDeath Of The Death Penalty1517 Words   |  7 PagesDeath, a word of sorrow, of pain, and of joy. Death happens to everyone eventually but what if it wasn’t your choice? What if someone else held your life in their hands? The Death Penalty dates back as far as the Eighteenth Century B.C under the ruling of King Hammurabi of Babylon(DPIC Staff). He was the first noted person to begin using the death penalty. The origin of death revolved around him and now the people of today feel that they are able to dictate how people die. Death is a prize to themRead MoreThe Death Penalty Should Be Abolished1691 Words   |  7 PagesThesis: The death penalty has to be abolished if American society wishes to progress. I. Introduction The death penalty, or capital punishment, is an archaic and barbaric practice; a fallacy of the criminal justice system. II. In the history of death penalty tells the accounts of the dramatic change over four centuries III. Counter argument A. Justice is the leading argument of supporters of capital punishment B. Supporters of the death penalty argue that the death penalty provides retributionRead MoreCapital Punishment Of The United States964 Words   |  4 PagesThe lawful infliction of death of an individual is what is referred to as death penalty. Majority of the countries in the world have abolished the practice, however, there is no cord that has been officially formed by world countries against its use (Cole, 25). China, which is the most populous country in the world, leads as it executes thousands of inmates yearly. United States of America still practices it even when it is perceived the most democratic republic on earth. As of today, 84 countriesRead MoreThe Death Penalty: The Case of Carlos DeLuna Essay1321 Words   |  6 Pagesand sentenced to death in 1989. Deluna protested that he did not commit the crime, however, he was arrested. He even went further, he named the culprit, a violent criminal named Carlos Hernandez. However, the chief prosecutor believed that Hern andez did not exist; he was only a â€Å"figment of DeLunas imagination.† About four years later the execution of Carlos Deluna, Hernandez admitted his crime of killing Lopez. Would everything be different if Deluna was not sentenced to death, but just imprisonedRead More The Death Penalty Contradicts Jesus Teaching Essay1143 Words   |  5 PagesIn the 21st century, Christians are faced with countless choices every day. The death penalty, a modern moral issue, is a choice that determines life or death. With reference to the New Testament and Catholic bishops and popes, the Christian perspective on Capital punishment is investigated. The Catholic Church has spoken out passionately about the need to protect human life. The fifth commandment, ‘You shall not kill’ relates directly to the dignity and worth of human life. This taking of

Thursday, December 26, 2019

Essay on Brewing Industry

Essay on Brewing Industry Introduction The Western European beer market is one of the oldest, widely dominated by some of the oldest and the world’s largest beer companies. It is however, not unlike many other markets, and equally faces constantly changing economic, political, technological and legal changes etc, which have a critical impact on the individual company’s strategic decision making. This paper presents the PESTEL analysis of the beer industry in Western Europe and provides a detailed five forces analysis of the same. The paper concludes by assessing the implications of this changing environment to some of the largest players in the industry. PESTEL ANALYSIS Political Factors-As against previously where governments refrained active involvement in the industry, which formed an important part of government revenues, governments across the continent have are waging vicious campaigns against alcoholism, binge driving as well as drunken driving, Lawrence Edwards (2000). Anti-drunken driving campaigns have proven particularly effective in driving down beer sales in Western Europe, with the highest effect being on the â€Å"on premises sales†. Economic Western European markets were the highest beer markets in the world, but the recent past has witnessed a dramatic contraction in the beer markets. Concerted government campaigns to help combat excessive alcohol consumption and drink driving among others, have seen the soaring of taxes aimed at the industry, which have effectively led into the rising prices for the industry’s products. This has put the cheapest offerings in market inaccessible to the market. Given the price inelasticity of demand of beer, the beer industry would has fared better compared to other industries on the continent, especially in the face of the global economic crisis that hit the global economy, Lorat (2009). In addition, given the fact that other sectors of the economy were badly hit by the economic turmoil, governments increased revenues drawn from the industry, as compared to other sectors of the economic. Other economic factors in the industry include the rising costs of inputs and production, Ble e Whittington (2010). The costs of packaging materials, raw materials like barley, labor and energy costs have soared in the recent past, not only in Western Europe but also across the developed economies. The potential of increasing prices is on the other hand limited, without the increase in quality, given the sharp competition presented by external premium beer brands. Social Factors-Government campaigns against excessive alcohol consumption have resulted into increased awareness among the populations and markets about the negative effects of beer, which has in turn led to reduced consumptions and sales Changes in societal perceptions about alcohol, have fueled media campaigns with the effects of cutting back on alcohol consumption in Western Europe, Data Monitor Inc.(2011). The cultural aspect of beer and wine, which are taken at meals, social gatherings as well as for ceremonial purposes have however, kept up the demand in Western Europe. Technological Factors- Increased technology in the brewing industry has led to the development of innovative techniques in the maturation, manufacturing and packaging of products, Blee Whittington (2010). This has increased the accuracy in the industry, which effectively increased the quality of the products, prolonged expiry durations and perhaps most crucially, reduced wastages that are associated with the production and distribution. Increased efficiency leads to increased revenues and profitability. Environmental Factors- The expansion the Chinese, Indian and Brazilian economies before and during the crisis, provided market expansion opportunities especially for the premium beer and wine brands, to meet the needs of the growing middle income populations in the emerging economies, Data Monitor Inc.(2011). The growth in markets has only been experienced in the premium beer products, which has triggered the shifts towards increased quality and prices in the industry. Legal factors- Restrictions on drinking ages by governments across the world, coupled by even more strict restrictions on the importation and sale of alcoholic products has effectively reduced beer sales. Increased taxation on the industry has served to increase the prices of the beer products. FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS Competition- The increased competition in the western European market as well as well as abroad, coupled by the emergence of strong premium brand products from abroad have contracted the markets and profitability, Blee Whittington (2010). The competition has forced the disintegration of large breweries, vertical and horizontal integrations. Threats- The emergence of premium beer brands and the contraction of the Western European markets present a particular challenge to the present and future success of the continent’s brewing industry, Lorat (2009). Increased competition would serve to reduce the revenues and profitability of the industry, will increase the potential for failures and takeovers to survive the competition. Product Substitution- Non alcoholic beverages, energy drinks and soft drinks have experienced a growing market, in the wake of government campaigns against drinking, coupled with changing social attitudes towards drinking, Blee Whittington (2010). These products, as well as other premium beer products from outside the Western European markets may substitute the homegrown beer products. Suppliers Bargaining Power- The large costs of packaging materials, as well as other inputs for the industry are sourced from a few, powerful suppliers. These gives them control over the pricing for inputs, and ultimately, on the retail prices of beer. Consumers Bargaining Power- The large variety and product differentiations in the market allow the consumers plenty of choice, and as such sudden changes in the market will lead to changes in the returns for the brewing industry players. Anheuser-Busch InBev (Belgium) It is one of the biggest brands in the Western Europe, with a long standing experience in the production and manufacturing. Efforts to transform itself into the largest beer maker in the region, with mergers and acquisitions as well as process changes will help the company boost efficiency and changes for the company’s products. With scale economies and efficiency will cut prices and boost its competitive in the industry. Its strengths include a strong brand, scale economies, experience, technical capacity and reach in the market, BBC (2010). On the hand, the large sizes presents a weakness in the ability to control the whole country’s operations. Tsingtao (China) It has a wide market reach and the lower manufacturing costs enjoyed by the company, coupled with the lower prices will allow the company to brave the competition, Stewart (2000). In addition, the growth of the Chinese economy presents even greater opportunities for expansion. Its weaknesses include a lack of a clear growth strategy and the contraction a relatively low brand identity. Greene King (United Kingdom) The contraction of the market at home will result into a contraction of its sales and profitability. Its strengths include a long experience, a technical capacity and efficient production which are however, threatened by a relatively low market reach, Schmitt (2011). Conclusion The key markets for the

Wednesday, December 18, 2019

Teenage Pregnancy A High Risk, The Effects, And The...

Teenage pregnancy is a huge problem in the United States, but the rates are not at an all-time high. The pregnancy rates of teens have actually gone down in the past few years, but it still is a big problem here in the United States. The United States has the highest rate of teenage pregnancy, Russia has the second highest. Teenage pregnancy is a social and economic problem; it is not good for our country. This essay, will discuss who is at a high risk, the effects, and the prevention of teen pregnancy. Some people are at a higher risk of getting pregnant at a young age. There are many factors that can make a person at a high risk. Most children that grow up in foster care have problems. These problems can vary from self-esteem issues to†¦show more content†¦Children that grow up with domestic violence, substance abuse, and sexual abuse are also at a high risk. The children that grow up in these kinds of environments end up at a high risk of getting pregnant at an early age (Farber 283). The mother and child are both affected by teenage births. A teenage mother is more likely to give birth prematurely and this could be terrible for the baby resulting in long term effects. Some of those effects include death, developmental problems, behavioral problems, and cerebral palsy. The mother is also less likely to finish school than those who do not have children. The child of a teen parent is also more likely to drop out of school and have low academic achievements. The teenage parents miss out on their high school social life and their education. The life of these parents is very difficult and stressful. Parenting as a teen can be very overwhelming and can lead to depression. Teenage pregnancy is preventable and there are many different ways to stop it. The best way to not get pregnant is to practice abstinence. Abstinence is abstaining from sex. If you do not engage in sexual activities, you cannot get pregnant. If one does have sex, there are ways of preve nting pregnancy but they are not one hundred percent effective. One of the most popular forms of protection is a condom. There are